overview

The Republic of China

中华人民共和国

country information

Flag

China flag

capital

Beijing

DRIVING SIDE: Right

INTERNET CODE: .cn

TOME ZONE: UTC +8
China Standard Time

Country Tel Code: +86

Neighbours

Southeast Asia: Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar

South Asia: India, Bhutan, Nepal, Afghanistan and Pakistan

Central Asia: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan

Inner and Northeast Asia: Russia, North Korea and Mongolia

Shares Maritime boundaries: South Korea, Japan, Vietnam and Philippines

Population

population

1.3 billion

Religion

religion

Bhuddism (18.2%)

Christianity (5.1%)

Islam (1.8%)

Folk Religion (21.9%)

Other (<53.1%)

President

president & parliament

Current Ruler: Xi Jinping

Prime Minister: Li Keqiang

Current Ruling Party: The Communist Party of China (CPC)

Groups

minority & majority groups

Han Chinese 91.6% | Zhuang 1.3% | Other (incl. Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities) 7.1%

The Risk Assessment Levels and Factor Matrix provides an overview of the main factors influencing the safety of expats in a host country.The Levels are based on internationally recognised colour codes and includes a description of each level, as well as preparatory interventions advised for each level.The factor matrix (further below), contains factors that influences the safety of expats as well as the stability of the host country. A total Risk level for the country is provided, based on the added average of the various categories (and rounded to the nearest whole number).The matrix and final score are provided to assist with gathering of information in order for individuals and organisations to make informed decisions and secure a level of preparedness related to the destination. By providing this matrix and score, the CRN in no manner either prohibits or encourages travel to a location. Every individual and organisation makes their own decisions whether to travel or not, and does so completely at their own risk.
Risk Assessment Levels:
Level12345
Level TypeVery LowLowMediumHighVery High
Level DescriptionLittle to no impact on expats [i]Some variables exist, but situation is predictableSeveral variables exist and the situation is unpredictableConditions exist that are unsafe and situation is unpredictableConstant and serious threats exist and situation is hostile
Preparatory Interventions [ii]– Research country – Travel insurance– Research and insurance – Personal safety training– Research and insurance – Personal safety training -Hostage training – Contingency plans – Support actors have a CMT– Research and Insurance – Personal safety training – Hostage training – Advanced Security training – Contingency and evac plan – Support actors have a CMT– Research and insurance – Personal safety training – Hostage training – Advanced security training – Contingencies and evac plan – Support actors have a CMT
___________________________________________________________________
i Expat is a person living in a country other than their native country

ii. Preparatory Interventions can include Personal or Advanced Safety Training, Hostage Event training, Contingencies and Evacuation plans and Crisis Management Team (CMT) training. The reason for travelling will determine the type of training – e.g. Global Journalist Security Training focuses on needs of human rights defenders, etc. Individuals or organisations must pursue preparatory measures and content of training suited to their mandate and needs.

iii. Note to the reader: When the
score for WAR is a 5, it will affect several of the other categories and it becomes the main factor to consider when preparing and travelling to the area.
China Risk and Security Matrix
Language

 

LANGUAGE

Standard Chinese (Mandarin)  / English

Hello: Nǐ hǎo

Yes and No: no general vocabulary, rather one speaks in the affirmative/negative https://shawnpowrie.com/chinese/yes-no/

Thank you: Xièxiè

 

Currency

C U R R E N C Y &
E X C H A N G E  R AT E

*Renminbi / Chinese Yuan CNY (¥)

1 USD = 7.07 CNY

1 CNY = 2.65 ZAR

 

Subject to change

*Popular analogies given to explain the difference between yuan and renminbi are drawn from British pound sterling vs. the pound, or Federal Reserve notes vs. the U.S. dollar. Any expression of price is always in dollar, pound, or yuan—not Federal Reserve notes, sterling, or renminbi. The price of any commodity or transaction would be $120, £100, or ¥150.

Vaccinations

 

VACCINATIONS

*Coronavirus

Travel to China is not advised.

An International Certificate of Vaccination for yellow fever is required for travelers arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission & for travelers having transited through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

See WHO recommendations: www.who.int

Electricity

 

ELECTRICITY

Voltage Requirements:   

220 V

Standard Frequency:

50 Hz

There are three types of plugs used in China – three-pronged angled pins, two flat pins (the most common) or two narrow round pins.

Access to electricity (% of population) in China was reported at 100 % in 2014, according to the World Bank

Temperature

 

TEMPERATURE

Winter: min. -19 °C – max. -9 °C

Summer: min. 16 °C – max. 26°C

The territory of China lies between latitudes 18° and 54° N, and longitudes 73° and 135° E. China’s landscapes vary significantly across its vast territory. China’s climate is mainly dominated by dry seasons and wet monsoons, which lead to pronounced temperature differences between winter and summer. In the winter, northern winds coming from high-latitude areas are cold and dry; in summer, southern winds from coastal areas at lower latitudes are warm and moist. The climate in China differs from region to region because of the country’s highly complex topography.

DIPLOMATIC TIES / AIRPORTS / CARRIERS / NGO’S

Aeroplane2

EMBASSY / CONSULAR PRESENCE

South African Embassy in Beijing

5, Dong Zhi Men Wai Da Jie, Beijing, 100600 China

Head of Mission: Ambassador Dolana Msimang

Refer to: www.dirco.gov.za/beijing/

(+86) 10 8532 0000

Fax: (+86) 10 6532 7319

MAIN AIRPORT(S)

Shangai Pudong International Airport (PVG) 

31° 08′ 36.16″ N | 121° 48′ 18.77″ E

                                                               Beijing Capital International (PEK) 

40° 3′ 48″ N | 116° 35′ 4″ E                                                                

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (CAN)

23.3959° N | 113.3080° E

Passport

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Valid visa is required. When making Visa application you must submit a detailed itinerary of all places you plan to visit, and all hotel bookings.

Registration with the Chinese Public Security Bureau within 24 hours is mandatory

DOMESTIC FLIGHTS & CARRIERS

There are 37 China domestic Airlines

The four major airlines are Air China, China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Hainan Airlines. There are thousands of China domestic flights every day. The top destinations are Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Xian and Chengdu

NGO

NGO’S OPERATING IN COUNTRY & CONTACT DETAILS

List of NGO’s operating in China can be obtained via: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_non-governmental_organizations_in_China

China law puts foreign NGOs under tighter control

Only NGOs with non-political agendas are tolerated by the government

NB: The country is not a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. 

See: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/International-Parental-Child-Abduction/International-Parental-Child-Abduction-Country-Information/China.html

Investopedia. 2019. Yuan vs. Renminbi: What’s the difference? [Online]. Available at:

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/forex/061115/yuan-vs-rmb-understanding-difference.asp [2020/02/11].

Climatestotravel.com. Climate: China. [Online]. Available at:

https://www.climatestotravel.com/climate/china [2020/02/11].

 

 

 

 

Last updated 20 April 2020